The first coins with inscriptions in Armenian
The first coins with inscriptions in Armenian were minted under the king Kiurike II (1048-1089).
This Armenian kingdom was founded in the second half of the 10th century in the eastern part of Gugarq province of Armenia by the king Gurgen (Kiurike I, circa 970-989) of the royal dynasty of Bagratids, originally from the village of Tashir-Dzoraget. In the local dialect, Gurgen sounded like Kiurike, so the kingdom was also called the kingdom of Kiurikia. From the latter part of the 10th century to the beginning of the 12th century, the kingdom of Kiurikia was an important political unit in the region.
The coins minted under the king Kiurike II were made of copper, with pictography and design patterns very similar to the copper coins of the Byzantine rulers of that period. The obverse of the coin depicts a bust image of Jesus Christ, and the reverse carries repeated lines with words “God, save Kiurike the Curopalate” in Armenian. Originally one of the first titles in the Byzantine hierarchy, curopalate was something usually claimed for by the emperor's closest relatives.
In the 11 century this title began to be awarded to high-ranking foreigners, Georgians and Armenians in particular. The title “Kiurike the Curopalate” however is known to us only from the inscriptions on the coins. In lapidary inscriptions and other written sources he is called as king or the Armenian king.
These coins known for their very limited number seem to have been minted not so much for circulation purposes as for the kingdom to earn its recognition and right into existence.Following the death of the king Kiurike II, the kingdom began declining under the rule of his sons Davit and Abbas; it ceased to exist in early 12th century.
If you use this information, reference to the source is mandatory
The Central Bank Visitor Centre
Tel. (374-10) 59 27 83